You must have heard of ‘color-changing’ fabrics available on the market which contain LEDs that emit light of various colors! Now, technology and innovation breaks the barriers of silent ‘fabric’. The Textile Industry’s first Active, User-Controlled Color-Changing Fabric, has been developed and introduced by the College of Optics & Photonics at The University of Central Florida (CREOL), USA. The fabric allows the users/wearers to change the color or pattern of the fabric through their smartphone.
For the first time ever, the technology allows the user to control both when the color change happens and what pattern to appear on the fabric. Using an app, the consumer can choose from a variety of patterns and colors to suit their need or mood – all from the tap of a button on their smart device. For example, a solid purple tote bag now has the ability to gradually add blue stripes when you press a “stripe” button on your smartphone or computer, or switch to a solid blue.
The technology is scalable at mass-production levels via a process known as fiber-spinning and is currently produced in Melbourne, Florida, with CREOL’s collaborators at Hills, Inc. The CREOL team is currently working with Hills to further reduce the diameter of the threads to produce fabrics for wide-scale market adoption. Ultimately, the patent-pending fabric has the ability to be used across a broad range of applications from clothing and accessories to furniture and fixed installations in housing and business décor.
CREOL has clarified that this ‘color change’ differs from the LED oriented ‘color-changing’ fabrics which emit light of different colors. On the contrary the active and user controlled color-changing fabric, with CREOL’s ChroMorphous technology, developed by a team of UCF scientists, enables a never-before-seen capability: user-controlled, dynamic color and pattern change in large woven fabrics and cut-and-sewn textile products. According to the Scientists, each thread woven into the fabric incorporates within it a thin metal micro-wire. An electric current flows through the micro-wires, thus slightly raising the thread’s temperature. Special pigments embedded in the thread then respond to this modification of temperature by changing its color.
Commenting on the new innovation, Dr. Ayman Abouraddy, Professor of Optics & Photonics at UCF said that although clothing has been a staple of the human experience for millennia, the basic structure and functionality of textile fibers and yarns have remained unchanged throughout history. “The capabilities of electronics constantly increase and we always expect more from our iPhones, so why haven’t textiles been updated? Can we expect an ever-expanding range of functionalities from our clothing? These were the questions we asked, and the foundation for creating the ChroMorphous technology that we began developing in 2016. We are excited to introduce the industry’s first color-changing fabric, as we believe it’s the next groundbreaking innovation in fashion and textiles.”